30 of the Top Nonfiction Books on Goodreads

It’s impossible to say what the top nonfiction books are. What method could possibly tell us which books, of the millions available, are the best? This post is an attempt to use Goodreads to come to some sort of answer.

How I Put Together a List of the Top Nonfiction Books

I’ve already created my own list of the top nonfiction books, but that list is very subjective and based only on my own opinion. Here, I’m letting Goodreads users have a say. To be clear, this list is also subjective. What Goodreads can tell us is how many of their users have rated a book and what the overall average rating is. But that only gets us so far.

The information is based on Goodreads users only, which limits the set of readers by a lot. Even accepting that limitation, another problem arises: sometimes the the number of ratings and the average rating don’t match up. Some books have many ratings but a low average and others have a very high average but not many ratings. Which metric matters more? An older book may have more ratings than a newer one and therefore have an advantage. How to account for that?

In the end, a person (me) has to decide how to balance ratings and averages to determine which books to include. My method was to look for books with at least 100,000 ratings and an average rating of 3.90 or higher. I also tried to include a variety of genres to cover a range of the top nonfiction books.

Take a look at the list and see what you think!

The Top Nonfiction Book According to Goodreads

The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank cover in Top Nonfiction BooksThe Diary of a Young Girl by Anne Frank

Average rating: 4.13; 2,454,072 ratings

No surprise, this is the nonfiction book with the most ratings and the highest average of all the books I found. It’s the hugely important, widely read diary of a young girl in Nazi-occupied Holland.

Autobiography/Memoir/Diaries

The Glass Castle by Jeannette Walls

Average rating: 4.26; 806,101 ratings

The Glass Castle is one of the most memorable entries in the crowded field of memoirs about unhappy families. Walls’s parents were idealistic and unconventional to an extreme, eventually sinking deeper and deeper into dysfunction.

Into the Wild by Jon Krakauer

Average rating 3.97; 796,899 ratings

This is the story of Chris McCandless, who walked into the Alaska wilderness and four months later was found dead. Krakauer explores what drove McCandless to set out on this journey.

I Am Malala cover in Top Nonfiction BooksI Am Malala by Malala Yousafzai and Christine Lamb

Average rating 4.11; 347,156 ratings

When she was 15, Malala Yousafzai was shot by the Taliban on her way to school. She went on to speak before the United Nations, become a symbol of peaceful protest, and win the Nobel Peace Prize.

I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou

Average rating 4.22; 365,266 ratings

This is the first and most famous installment of Maya Angelou’s autobiography. It’s a powerful, inspiring tale of struggle and determination in the face of abandonment, violence, and racism.

Educated by Tara Westover

Average rating 4.48; 406,224 ratings

Tara Westover was born in Idaho, the daughter of survivalists who kept her away from doctors and out of schools. This memoir tells the story of how she educated herself, making it all the way to Harvard and then Cambridge.

wild by cheryl strayed cover in Top Nonfiction BooksWild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail by Cheryl Strayed

Average rating 3.99; 540,718 ratings

At the age of 22, reeling from her mother’s death, Cheryl Strayed decided to go on an epic journey. She set out to hike the Pacific Crest Trail and made it over a thousand miles from California to Washington, finding adventures everywhere along the way.

Between the World and Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates

Average rating: 4.40; 164,415 ratings

Written as a letter to his son, this book looks at what it means to be black in America. It covers America’s racial history, Coates’s own experiences, and his analysis of our current situation. It’s a short but rich and illuminating.

When Breath Becomes Air by Paul Kalanithi

Average rating 4.35; 328,601 ratings

At the age of 36, Kalanithi got a diagnosis of stage IV lung cancer. This book is his attempt to grapple with mortality and to face his own death, which occurred in 2015.

BecomingBecoming by Michelle Obama

Average rating 4.60; 285,747 ratings

Published not even a year ago, this book was a huge bestseller and already has almost 300,000 Goodreads ratings. In it, you can learn about Michelle Obama’s life and journey to the White House.

Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi

Average rating 4.25; 142,678 ratings

Persepolis is a graphic memoir about Satrapi’s life growing up in Iran during the Islamic Revolution. She describes living in Tehran during a time of great political upheaval and violence.

Why Not Me? by Mindy Kaling

Average rating 3.90; 152,954 ratings

This is Kaling’s follow-up to Is Everyone Hanging Out Without Me? It contains funny personal essays on finding contentment in adulthood, including thoughts on love, work, friendship, and more.

Me Talk Pretty One Day by David Sedaris

Average rating: 3.98; 578,388 ratings

David Sedaris is one of the best to turn to if you want to laugh, and Me Talk Pretty One Day is probably his most-loved essay collection. The title essay covers what it’s like to move to Paris and try to learn French.

Self-Help

How to Win Friends and Influence People by Dale Carnegie

Average rating 4.19; 469,265 ratings

This classic of self-help promises to help you get the job you want and make any situation you find yourself in work for you. It teaches how to make people like you, influence their way of thinking, and get them to change.

The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen R. Covey

Average rating 4.09; 432,895 ratings

Here is another self-help classic that promises to help in your work and personal life. Covey has seven suggestions for examining your assumptions and learning to think in a new way to solve problems and work well with others.

The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg

Average rating: 4.08; 266,146 ratings

Duhigg dives into the nature of habits to help readers figure out how to develop the habits they want. The key to creating change, he argues, is to understand how the brain forms a habit and use that knowledge to one’s advantage.

Big Magic: Creative Living Beyond Fear by Elizabeth Gilbert

Average rating: 3.91; 119,616 ratings

In this book, the author of Eat, Pray, Love offers her theories of creativity and demonstrates how to foster creativity in our lives. She shows how to face our fear and harness inspiration to do the work we want to do.

History

Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience and Redemption by Laura Hillenbrand

Average rating: 4.38; 675,005 ratings

Unbroken tells the story of Louis Zamperini, a lieutenant in World War II who crashed into the Pacific Ocean. He pulled himself onto a life raft and began an adventure that took him out on the open sea and into enemy territory.

devil in the white city by erik larsonThe Devil in the White City by Erik Larson

Average rating: 3.99; 455,948 ratings

The book is set at the Chicago World’s Fair of 1893. Erik Larson intertwines the stories of the architect who designed the fair and a murderer who built a “torture palace” near the fairgrounds.

In Cold Blood by Truman Capote

Average rating: 4.07; 476,175 ratings

In Cold Blood is one of the most influential works of true crime ever written. Truman Capote tells the story of four murders that occurred in Kansas in 1959, describing the murders, the investigation, and the killers themselves in vivid detail.

Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Harari

Average rating: 4.45; 291,495 ratings

Harari has written a history of the entire span of human existence, in less than 500 pages. He tackles big questions such as how our species emerged and how we developed religion, nations, money, books, and so much more.

Social Sciences/Culture

The Tipping Point: How Little Things Can Make a Big Difference by Malcolm Gladwell

Average rating: 3.96; 618,728 ratings

The argument of The Tipping Point is that one small but well-timed event can lead to tremendous change. Gladwell explores how these cultural changes happen and what types of people are most likely to be the driving forces behind them.

Quiet: The Power of Introverts in a World That Can’t Stop Talking by Susan Cain

Average rating 4.06; 273,490 ratings

Here is the introverts’ manifesto. Susan Cain defines what it means to be introverted, how extroverts have come to dominate our culture, and the many contributions introverted people have brought us.

Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything by Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner

Average rating: 3.96; 635,553 ratings

Looking at the stuff of everyday life, Levitt and Dubner use the study of economic incentives to overturn conventional wisdom. Covering everything from drugs to parents to sumo wrestlers, this book will make you think in a new way.

We Should All Be Feminists by Chimamanda Ngozi AdichieWe Should All Be Feminists by Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie

Average rating: 4.45; 128,258 ratings

This book is an essay, adapted from a TEDx talk, about why feminism is important for everyone and why we need it in our world today. It’s a great overview of feminism for every type of reader.

Science/Nature

The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks by Rebecca Skloot

Average rating 4.06; 517,967 ratings

Henrietta Lacks was a poor southern farmer whose cells became important in modern medicine, although Lacks herself never found this out. Skloot writes about Lacks’s life and how her cells came to play such a vital role.

A Walk in the Woods: Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail by Bill Bryson

Average rating 4.06; 318,383 ratings

A Walk in the Woods is a humorous account of Bryson’s attempt to hike the entire Appalachian Trail, which is over 2,000 miles and stretches from Georgia to Maine. He also describes the history and ecology of the trail and argues for its importance.

Stiff coverStiff: The Curious Lives of Human Cadavers by Mary Roach

Average rating 4.06; 155,920 ratings

Mary Roach can make any topic entertaining to read about, even dead bodies. Stiff is a description of what happens to bodies after death and how people have treated cadavers through the centuries.

Being Mortal: Medicine and What Matters in the End by Atul Gawande

Average rating 4.45; 107,003 ratings

Gawande is a practicing surgeon, and here he takes up the topic of aging and death. He looks at what medicine can and can’t offer those approaching death and those keeping them company along the way.

A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking

Average rating: 4.16; 251,527 ratings

Published in 1988, this has already become a classic of science writing. Hawking covers many topics in physics, including black holes, quarks, antimatter, the big bang, the nature of time, and more.


Looking for more of the best nonfiction? In addition to my list of the 50 top nonfiction books, you might also like this list of free essays available online, and these 50 short nonfiction books.

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