100 Must-Read Books from the ’90s

This content contains affiliate links. When you buy through these links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

Deepali Agarwal

Staff Writer

Deepali Agarwal has a Master’s in literary linguistics, which means that every person she’s ever known has, at some point, asked her to ‘edit a thing’ for them-- ‘just see if it reads okay?’ She doesn’t mind, because she believes that the world can be fixed one oxford comma at a time. Deepali lives in Delhi, the capital of India, where cows are sacred, but authors and poets exist and write brilliant things. She works as an editor with OUP India’s School ELT division, where she moves apostrophes, looks up pictures of cats, and talks about children’s books for eight hours. The rest of her day is spent reading, thinking about Parks and Recreation, and wondering if there exist jobs for English majors that pay more than peanuts. Twitter: @DeepaliAgarwal_

Bring out your turtlenecks and combat boots, and join us in reading our way down the 1990s!

(If you, like me, are a ’90s kid, you can pick a book from this list to tick off an item on our Read Harder Challenge 2016.)

Some notes: I have tried to avoid series like Harry Potter and A Song of Ice and Fire, YA like The Perks of Being a Wallflower, and novels like Fight Club and Infinite Jest: these are books that readers everywhere already know about; we’ve either already read them and watched the TV/movie adaptations, or never plan to. This is not to say that Rowling and Chuck Palahniuk’s contributions to the literature of the ’90s is not valuable, but so as to leave space for other brilliant works from the decade–to discover something new. I have also avoided the repetition of authors.

Since this list is not genre-specific, I have tried to tag each book with the shortest possible description after listing it: an indication to its genre, and whether it is fiction or non-fiction; a novel, play, or short story collection. Poetry anthologies and comics are listed separately.

  1. A Fine Balance by Rohinton Mistry (novel, historical literary fiction)
  2. a-girl-named-disaster-nancy-farmer-book-coverA Girl Named Disaster by Nancy Farmer (YA novel, historical fiction)
  3. Angels in America: A Gay Fantasia on National Themes by Tony Kushner (Pulitzer Prize and Tony Award-winning play)
  4. ‘Art’ by Yasmina Reza (Tony Award-winning play)
  5. A Suitable Boy by Vikram Seth (novel, historical literary fiction)
  6. Bag of Bones by Stephen King (novel, fiction, horror)
  7. Behind the Scenes at the Museum by Kate Atkinson (novel, historical fiction)
  8. Birds of America by Lorrie Moore (short story collection, literary fiction)
  9. charming-billy-book-coverBlindness by José Saramago (novel, dystopian science fiction)
  10. Breath, Eyes, Memory by Edwidge Danticat (novel, historical fiction)
  11. Charming Billy by Alice McDermott (novel, contemporary fiction)
  12. City of Djinns by William Darymple (travelogue/novel set in Delhi, India)
  13. Cuckold by Kiran Nagarkar (novel, historical fiction)
  14. Dance Dance Dance by Haruki Murakami (translated to English by Alfred Birnbaum in 1994; novel, fiction, magic realism)
  15. Dangerous Angels (Weetzie Bat #1-5) by Francesca Lia Block (YA fantasy fiction, magic realism)
  16. Weetzie Bat, by Francesca Lia BlockDelhi by Khushwant Singh (novel, contemporary fiction)
  17. Difficult Daughters by Manju Kapur (novel, literary fiction)
  18. Dreams from my Father by Barack Obama (non-fiction, memoir)
  19. Drown by Junot Díaz (short story collection, fiction)
  20. Generation X: Tales for an Accelerated Culture by Douglas Coupland (novel, contemporary fiction)
  21. Ghostwritten by David Mitchell (novel, contemporary/literary fiction)
  22. Good Omens by Neil Gaiman and Terry Pratchett (novel, fantasy fiction)
  23. high fidelityHigh Fidelity by Nick Hornby (novel, contemporary fiction)
  24. Holes by Louis Sachar (YA novel, Newberry Award-winner)
  25. Imaginary Homelands by Salman Rushdie (collection of essays)
  26. In an Antique Land by Amitav Ghosh (a narrative ethnography)
  27. Indian Ink by Tom Stoppard (play, themes of art and culture)
  28. Interpreter of Maladies by Jhumpa Lahiri (short story collection, Pulitzer Prize-winner)
  29. Jazz by Toni Morrison (novel, historical fiction)
  30. The Golden Compass by Philip PullmanMr. Murder by Dean Koontz (novel, fiction, horror)
  31. My Name is Red by Orhan Pamuk (novel, historical fiction)
  32. My Year of Meats by Ruth Ozeki (novel, contemporary fiction)
  33. Northern Lights by Philip Pullman (YA novel, fantasy fiction)
  34. Of Love and Other Demons by Gabriel García Márquez (novel, fiction, magic realism)
  35. On Love by Alain de Botton (novel, fiction, romance)
  36. Outlander by Diana Gabaldon (novel, speculative fiction/historical romance)
  37. Women Writers: Possession by A.S. ByattOut of the Dust by Karen Hesse (novel, children’s fiction/YA)
  38. Possession by A. S. Byatt (novel, historiographic metafiction)
  39. Pulp by Charles Bukowski (novel, detective fiction)
  40. Rats Saw God by Rob Thomas (YA novel)
  41. Sabriel by Garth Nix (YA novel, fantasy)
  42. Scenes from a Writer’s Life by Ruskin Bond (memoir)
  43. Skellig by David Almond (novel, children’s fiction, magic realism)
  44. the bad beginningShiloh by Phyllis Naylor (novel, children’s fiction/YA)
  45. So Far From God by Ana Castillo (novel, feminist/fantasy fiction)
  46. The Bad Beginning (A Series of Unfortunate Events #1) by Lemony Snicket (novel, children’s fiction, absurdist/mystery)
  47. The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje (novel, historical/contemporary fiction)
  48. The Giver by Lois Lowry (YA novel, utpoian/dystopian)
  49. The God of Small ThingsThe God of Small Things by Arundhati Roy (novel, historical/literary fiction)
  50. The Haunted Land: Facing Europe’s Ghosts After Communism by Tina Rosenberg (non-fiction, European History)
  51. The Hedge Knight by George R. R. Martin (novella, high fantasy fiction)
  52. The Intuitionist by Colson Whitehead (novel, speculative fiction)
  53. The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven by Sherman Alexie (short story collection, fantasy fiction)
  54. The Magician’s Assistant by Ann Patchett (novel, literary fiction)
  55. The No. 1 Ladies’ Detective Agency by Alexander McCall Smith (novel, mystery/detective fiction)
  56. The Robber Bride by Margaret Atwood (novel, literary fiction)
  57. secret history2The Secret History by Donna Tartt (novel, fiction, inverted detective story)
  58. The Sparrow by Mary Doria Russell (novel, science fiction)
  59. The Thief by Megan Whalen Turner (YA novel, fantasy/adventure)
  60. The Unconsoled by Kazuo Ishiguro (novel, contemporary fiction)
  61. The Vagina Monologues by Eve Ensler (play, feminist non-fiction)
  62. Three Tall Women by Edward Albee (Pulitzer Prize-winning play, fiction)
  63. Tipping the Velvet by Sarah Waters (novel, fiction, historical romance)
  64. Trying to Grow by Firdaus Kanga (novel, fiction)
  65. white-teethWalk Two Moons by Sharon Creech (YA novel, fiction)
  66. White Teeth by Zadie Smith (novel, literary fiction)
  67. Wise Children by Angela Carter (novel, fiction, magic realism)
  68. Wit by Margaret Edson (Pulitzer Prize-winning play, themes of mortality and human relationships)
  69. Woman Hollering Creek by Sandra Cisneros (poetic short story collection)

  70. aloud-voice-from-the-nuyorican-cafeAloud: Voices from the Nuyorican Poets Cafe (edited by Miguel Algarín and Bob Holman)
  71. An Atlas of the Difficult World by Adrienne Rich
  72. Birthday Letters by Ted Hughes
  73. Falling Up by Shel Silverstein
  74. First Four Books of Poems by Louise Gluck
  75. Jimmy and Rita by Kim Addonizio
  76. Love Poems by Nikki Giovani
  77. New and Selected Poems by Mary Oliver
  78. She by Saul Williams
  79. The Collected Poems of Langston Hughes
  80. black-panther-vol-1Astro City, Vol. 1: Life in the Big City by Kurt Busiek, art by Brent Anderson
  81. Bone, Vol. 1: Out from Boneville by Jeff Smith
  82. Basara Vol. 1 by Yami Tamura
  83. Black Panther #1 by Christopher J. Priest, art by Joe Quesada, Mark Texeira
  84. Card Captor Sakura, Vol. 1 by CLAMP
  85. Complete Dykes to Watch Out For by Alison Bechdel
  86. Doom Patrol, #64 to 87 by Rachel Pollack
  87. maus-ii-art-spiegelmanGhost World by Daniel Clowes
  88. Rurouni Kenshin, Vol. 1 by Nobuhiro Watsuki
  89. Maus II: And Here My Troubles Began by Art Spiegelman
  90. Monster, Vol. 1: Herr Dr. Tenma by Naoki Urasawa
  91. Palestine #1-2 by Joe Sacco
  92. Preacher, Vol. 1: Gone to Texas by Garth Ennis, art by Steve Dillon
  93. Sailor Moon, #1 by Naoko Takeuchi
  94. the-infinity-gauntlet-1Supergirl by Peter David, art by Gary Frank, Cam Smith, Karl Story, Terry Dodson
  95. The Authoritative Calvin and Hobbes by Bill Waterson
  96. The Complete Strangers in Paradise, Vol. 1 by Terry Moore
  97. The Infinity Gauntlet by Jim Starlin, art by George Pérez, Ron Lim
  98. The Flash: Born to Run by Mark Waid, art by Tom Peyer, Greg LaRocque, Jim Aparo, Pop Mhan
  99. The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen by Alan Moore, art by Kevin O’Neill
  100. The Sandman, Vol: 1: Brief Lives by Neil Gaiman, art by Jill Thompson, Vince Locke